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UN VOTING ABOUT ILLEGAL REFERENDUM IN WEST PAPUA 1969

Representatives in Baliem Valley. Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)

Representatives in Fakfak Region. Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)
Writen by: John Anari, Eng

Under Article 17 of the New York Agreement, the plebiscite was not to occur until one year after the arrival of U.N. representative Fernando Ortiz-Sanz in the territory on 22 August 1968. However after NASA announced the Apollo 11 flight schedule to land on the Moon for July, Indonesia proposed the plebiscite be conducted six weeks early during July 1969.

The New York Agreement specified that all men and women in Papua that were not foreign nationals had the right to vote in the Act. General Sarwo Edhi Wibowo instead selected 1025 Melanesian men out of an estimated population of 800,000 as the Western New Guinea representatives for the vote. They voted publicly and unanimously in favor of remaining with Indonesia. The United Nations took note of the results with General Assembly Resolution 2504. According to Hugh Lunn, a journalist from Reuters, men who were selected for the vote were blackmailed into voting against independence with threats of violence against their persons.

Contemporary diplomatic cables showed American diplomats suspecting that Indonesia could not have won a fair vote, and also suspecting that the vote was not implemented freely, but the diplomats saw the event as a "foregone conclusion" and "marginal to U.S. interests".

To win this Self Determination, so Indonesia changes the international standard to their  Musyawarah  System.  It  was  just  selected  400s  Indigenous  Papua  and  600s Indonesia  then  put  them  as  the  Council  Member  to  vote  the  Rights  of  Self Determination  in  West  New  Guinea.  The  400s  Indigenous  were  from  Indonesia Militia  Barisan  Merah  Putih,  The  Military  of  Indonesia  Strategy  Commando  of
Military (KOSTRAD) was the important to win this Self Determination.


UNITED NATIONS BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM


UN Resolution Symbol: A/RES/2504(XXIV)
Title                         : Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands
                                 concerning West New Guinea (West Irian) : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly
Vote Notes                : RECORDED based on A/PV.1813 - No machine generated vote
Voting Summary        : Yes: 84, No: 0, Abstentions: 30, Non-Voting: 12, Total voting membership: 126
Vote Date                 : 19-11-1969
Agenda Information   : A/7701/Rev.2 & Add.1,2 98 - Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the
                                 Kingdom of the Netherlands concerning West New Guinea (West Irian).
Detailed Voting         :
                                 Y AFGHANISTAN
                                 ALBANIA
                                 Y ALGERIA
                                 Y ARGENTINA
                                 Y AUSTRALIA
                                 Y AUSTRIA
                                 A BARBADOS
                                 Y BELGIUM
                                 BOLIVIA
                                 A BOTSWANA
                                 A BRAZIL
                                 Y BULGARIA
                                 Y BURMA
                                 A BURUNDI
                                 Y BYELORUSSIAN SSR
                                 Y CAMBODIA
                                 A CAMEROON
                                 Y CANADA
                                 A CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
                                 Y CEYLON
                                 A CHAD
                                 Y CHILE
                                 Y CHINA
                                 COLOMBIA
                                 A CONGO (BRAZZAVILLE)
                                 A CONGO (LEOPOLDVILLE)
                                 COSTA RICA
                                 Y CUBA
                                 Y CYPRUS
                                 Y CZECHOSLOVAKIA
                                 A DAHOMEY
                                 Y DENMARK
                                 Y DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
                                 ECUADOR EL SALVADOR
                                 A EQUATORIAL GUINEA
                                 Y ETHIOPIA
                                 Y FINLAND
                                 Y FRANCE
                                 A GABON
                                 GAMBIA
                                 A GHANA
                                 Y GREECE
                                 Y GUATEMALA
                                 Y GUINEA
                                 A GUYANA
                                 HAITI
                                 Y HONDURAS
                                 Y HUNGARY
                                 Y ICELAND
                                 Y INDIA
                                 Y INDONESIA
                                 Y IRAN
                                 Y IRAQ
                                 Y IRELAND
                                 A ISRAEL
                                 Y ITALY
                                 A IVORY COAST
                                 JAMAICA
                                 Y JAPAN
                                 Y JORDAN
                                 A KENYA
                                 Y KUWAIT
                                 Y LAOS
                                 Y LEBANON
                                 A LESOTHO
                                 Y LIBERIA
                                 Y LIBYA
                                 Y LUXEMBOURG
                                 Y MADAGASCAR
                                 A MALAWI
                                 Y MALAYSIA
                                 Y MALDIVES
                                 Y MALIMALTA
                                 Y MAURITANIA
                                 MAURITIUS
                                 Y MEXICO
                                 Y MONGOLIA
                                 Y MOROCCO
                                 Y NEPAL
                                 Y NETHERLANDS
                                 Y NEW ZEALAND
                                 Y NICARAGUA
                                 A NIGER
                                 Y NIGERIA
                                 Y NORWAY
                                 Y PAKISTAN
                                 Y PANAMA
                                 PARAGUAY
                                 Y PERU
                                 Y PHILIPPINES
                                 Y POLAND
                                 Y PORTUGAL
                                 Y ROMANIA
                                 Y RWANDA
                                 Y SAUDI ARABIA
                                 Y SENEGAL
                                 A SIERRA LEONE
                                 Y SINGAPORE
                                 A SOMALIA
                                 Y SOUTH AFRICA
                                 Y SOUTHERN YEMEN
                                 Y SPAINY SUDAN
                                 A SWAZILAND
                                 Y SWEDEN
                                 Y SYRIA
                                 Y THAILAND
                                 A TOGO
                                 A TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
                                 Y TUNISIA
                                 Y TURKEY
                                 A UGANDA
                                 Y UKRAINIAN SSR
                                 Y USSR
                                 Y UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC
                                 Y UNITED KINGDOM
                                 A UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
                                 Y UNITED STATES
                                 A UPPER VOLTA
                                 Y URUGUAY
                                 A VENEZUELA
                                 Y YEMEN
                                 Y YUGOSLAVIA
                                 A ZAMBIA
UN Resolution No. 2504

Self Determination in Sorong region, it very crazy because was administered by Indonesia government or not by United Nations like in other country. Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)

Secretary General of UN mission Mr. Ortisan Fernando spoke with Indonesia Internal Minister Mr. Amir Mahcmud. This is the UN involvement in Self Determination in West Papua finally they failed done it according to article 18 of New York Agreement. Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)

Representatives in Fakfak Region. Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)

Transfer of Authority over West Irian (W. New Guinea) is Completed At a ceremony held at the main square in Kotabaru today, authority over West Irian (West New Guinea) was transferred from the United Nations to Indonesia after a seven-month period of international administration. A view of a section of the main square as the blue and white flag (l) of the United Nations was lowered at 12:30 p.m., leaving the Indonesian colours of red and white as the only flag flying throughout the territory. 01 May 1963 West New Guinea Photo # 159702 Photo of UN (John Anari Doc)

Representatives in Baliem Valley. Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)

Seventeenth Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly A view of a section of the Assembly Assembly Hall during the meeting to discuss an agreement between Indonesia and the Netherlands concerning West New Guinea (West Irian). Heading the Delegation of the Ukrainian S.S.R. is Foreign Minister, Mr. L. F. Palamarchuk (right, at desk). 20 September 1962 United Nations, New York Photo # 189285 Photo of UN (John Anari Doc)

Representatives in Baliem Valley. Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)

General Assembly Authorizes UN to Carry Out Tasks Set Forth in Agreement on West New Guinea (West Irian) The General Assembly voted late today to authorize the UN to carry out the tasks entrusted to it in the Agreement between Indonesia and the Netherlands concerning West New Guinea (West Irian). At the presidential rostrum (l. to r.) are: UN Acting Secretary-General U Thant; Muhammad Zafrulla Khan (Pakistan), President of the General Assembly; Mr. C.V. Narasimhan, Under-Secretary for General Assembly Affairs and Chef de Cabinet. Photo of UN (John Anari Doc)

Self Determination in Teluk Tjenderawasih at Biak island (Representatives form: Biak, Yapen, and Waropen). Sources: Indonesia Archive (Doc by John Anari)
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